We use relative clauses to join two sentences, or to give more information about something.
Types of relative clauses:
The relative clauses can be roughly classified into two.
1. Defining relative clause:
A defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about:
· I like the boy who paints.
(If I don't say ‘who paints '; then it is not clear know which boy I mean).
2. Non-defining relative clause:
A non-defining relative clause gives us extra information about something. We don't need this information to understand the sentence.
· I live in Bangalore, which has some amazing art galleries.
(Here the clause 'which has amazing art galleries' gives extra information about Bangalore, the place I am talking about).
who - subject or object pronoun for people
· They hanged the lady who killed her husband.
which - subject or object pronoun
· I read the book which is inside the drawer.
· I visited the village which you told me about.
whom - used for object pronoun for people, especially in non-restrictive relative clauses (in restrictive relative clauses use who)
· The boy whom you told me about won the race.
that - subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in restrictive relative clauses (who or which are also possible)
· I like the painting that is covered with glitter.
where - referring to a place
· The cafe where I usually have lunch is cozy.
when - referring to a time
· There are times when I feel so empty.
why - referring to a reason
· This is why I refused to accompany her.
This post is a part of the APRIL A-Z Challenge